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Министерство науки и высшего образования Российской Федерации
Российская Академия Наук

Laboratory of Development and Study of Polyfunctional Catalysts (N14)

Prof. Leonid M. Kustov
Chief: Prof. Leonid M. Kustov
Main directions of research

Head: Prof. Leonid M. Kustov (e-mail: lmkioc.ac.ru, tel. +7(499)137-2935)

The laboratory was established in 1954 and headed by Prof. A.M. Rubinshtein (1954-1986) and Prof. A.A. Slinkin (1986-1999).

Research Areas

Development of heterogeneous catalysts, including those supported onto novel materials (inorganic gels, metal nets, and foamed metals) and ionic liquids aimed at their use in selective oxidation of alkanes, alkenes and arenes, conversion of methane into synthesis gas, complete oxidation of trace amounts of volatile compounds in gas vents, reduction of nitrogen oxides by hydrocarbons, and removal of nitrogen oxides by NO2 adsorption.

Design of heterogeneous catalysts (including sulfur-resistant ones) for hydrogenation of dienes, alkynes, N-heterocycles and aromatic compounds, ring opening in aromatic compounds, hydrodechlorination of chlorofluorohydrocarbons and CCl4, and hydrogenation of polymers; design of heterogeneous acid-base catalysts and ionic liquids for isomerization of C4-C16 alkanes, dehydroisomerization of n-butane to isobutane, nitration and alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons and phenols, and the metathesis of cycloolefins (synthesis of a-olefins) and functionalized olefins.

Investigation of the physicochemical properties of catalysts by XPS, ESR, Fourier-IR spectroscopy of diffuse reflection, and thermosprogramed reduction and oxidation.

Studies of the catalyst activation by cold and ultrahigh frequency plasma and electron beam irradiation.

Лаборатория 14

Main Results

Novel composite materials for hydrogen storage with capacity of ~8% H2 were prepared and proved to have higher efficiency and lower cost as compared to intermetallides and nanotube-based hydrogen storage systems.

It was shown that ionic liquids operating at room temperature manifested excellent performance as catalysts for oligomerization of olefins (in particular, dimerization of n-butenes, isobutylene and propylene), disproportionation and skeletal isomerization of C4-C16 paraffins, alkylation of aromatic compounds with olefins, metathesis of olefins, including functionalized ones, Gattermann-Koch carbonylation of aromatic compounds, oligomerization of benzene, biphenyl, aniline and pyrrole into oligophenylenes, oligoanilines and oligopyrroles.

Projects

 Ecotoxicity of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Experimental Study and Modelling

Institute News
New promising high-energy compounds have been synthesized at the Zelinsky Institute New promising high-energy compounds have been synthesized at the Zelinsky Institute
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The study of the mechanisms of organic reactions is often a long and difficult work. Particularly complex are the processes that result in the formation…
A method for automatic analysis of high-resolution mass spectra was developed in ZIOC A method for automatic analysis of high-resolution mass spectra was developed in ZIOC
Mass spectrometry is a convenient, highly sensitive and reliable method for the analysis of complex mixtures, which is of key importance for the making…
Development of the catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of alkynes is continued in the ZIOC Development of the catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of alkynes is continued in the ZIOC
The selective hydrogenation of acetylene to ethylene is an important industrial process. This is due to the fact that the original ethylene used to produce…
Researchers of the Zelinsky Institute discovered a new reactivity of pyridinium ylides Researchers of the Zelinsky Institute discovered a new reactivity of pyridinium ylides
N-substituted ylides are versatile building blocks in organic synthesis, widely used to construct nitrogen-containing heterocycles. In particular, pyridinium…
ZIOC scientists have proposed an effective method for the synthesis of sterically hindered acridines ZIOC scientists have proposed an effective method for the synthesis of sterically hindered acridines
The processes occurring under photoredox catalysis conditions are currently being actively studied all over the world. Most often they proceed in mild…

Laboratory of Development and Study of Polyfunctional Catalysts (N14) Head: Prof. Leonid M. Kustov (e-mail: lmkioc.ac.ru, tel. +7(499)137-2935) The laboratory was established in 1954 and headed by Prof. A.M. Rubinshtein (1954-1986) and Prof. A.A. Slinkin (1986-1999). Research Areas Development of heterogeneous catalysts, including those supported onto novel materials… ST LUCE https://zioc.ru/ 5 100 .00 RUB http://schema.org/InStock